Learning Pedagogy

“Learning through reflection on doing.”

Experiential learning is a process through which students develop knowledge, skills, and values from direct experiences outside a traditional academic setting.


Concrete experience


Reflexive observations


Abstract conceptualization


Practical application

Activity based learning is a subset of Experiential Learning where students come together in one class and learn at their own pace through teacher-facilitated exercises. Activity based learning or ABL describes a range of pedagogical approaches to teaching. Its core premise includes the requirement that learning should be based on doing hands-on experiments and activities. The idea of activity based learning is rooted in the common notion that students are active learners rather than passive recipients of information. If students are provided the opportunity to explore on their own, along with an optimum learning environment, the learning becomes joyful and long-lasting.

Types of activity based learning

  1. Exploratory – Gathering knowledge, concept, and skill
  2. Constructive - Gathering experience through creative work
  3. Expressional – Presentation

  • Student-centered approach
  • Facilitate the acquisition of knowledge, experience, skills and values
  • Generate self-confidence
  • Develop understanding through work
  • Interest generation
  • Improve social skills
  • Work cooperatively and collaboratively

Blended learning is a formal or informal education program that combines online digital media with traditional classroom methods. It requires the physical presence of both teacher and student, with some element of student control over time, place, path, or pace. While students still attend “brick-and-mortar” schools with a teacher present, face-to-face classroom practices are combined with computer-mediated activities regarding content and delivery. Blended learning is also used in professional development and training settings. There are distinct blended learning models suggested by some researchers and educational think-tanks.

These models include:

  • Face-to-face driver – where the teacher drives the instruction and augments with digital tools.
  • Rotation – students cycle through a schedule of independent online study and face-to-face classroom time.
  • Flex – Most of the curriculum is delivered via a digital platform and teachers are available for face-to-face consultation and support.
  • Labs – The entire curriculum is delivered via a digital platform but in a consistent physical location. Students usually take traditional classes in this model as well.
  • Self-blend – Students choose to augment their traditional learning with online course work.
  • Online driver – Students complete an entire course through an online platform with possible teacher check-ins.

Flipped classroom is a pedagogical model in which the typical lecture and homework elements of a course are reversed.

The flipped classroom model includes short video lectures which are viewed by students at home before the class session, while the in-class time is devoted to exercises, projects, or discussions. The video lecture is often seen as the key ingredient in the flipped approach - such lectures being either created by the instructor and posted online or selected from an online repository.

While a pre-recorded lecture could certainly be a podcast or other audio format, the ease with which video can be accessed and viewed today has made it so ubiquitous that the flipped model has come to be identified with it.

Storytelling is an activity that can transfer emotions and feelings and also can boost thinking capacity. It involves the conveying of events in words, sound and/or images, often by improvisation or embellishment. Stories or narratives have been shared in every culture as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation, and instilling moral values. Storytelling is an art that has mental, social and educational benefits for students.


  • Promote a feeling of well-being and relaxation
  • Increase willingness to communicate thoughts and feelings
  • Encourage active participation
  • Increase verbal proficiency
  • Encourage use of imagination and creativity
  • Encourage cooperation between students
  • Enhance listening skills
  • Sharpen memory
  • Vocabulary building
  • Enhancement of listening skills

Project Based Learning allows students to gain knowledge and skills by working for an extended period to investigate and respond to an engaging and complex question, problem, or challenge.

5 keys to rigorous problem solving:

  • Real world connection - authentic problem
  • Effective learning - through the project
  • Structured collaboration
  • Student-driven - Teachers become facilitators, and students take control. As facilitators, teachers need to ask good questions and redirect the students if necessary.
  • Multifaceted assessment – This includes in-between assessment and formative assessments. Students should also be able to assess themselves.
  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving skills
  • Become more engaged and self-directed learners
  • Learn more deeply and transfer their learning to new situations
  • Improve problem solving and collaborative skills
  • Perform as well or better on high stakes tests
  • Students blossom – they have a voice and a choice
  • Can reach ALL students and get them engaged
  • Improve learning
  • Provide opportunities for students to use technology
  • Make teaching more enjoyable and rewarding

Scenario based learning (SBL) uses interactive scenarios to support active learning strategies such as problem-based or case-based learning.

It normally involves students working their way through a storyline, usually based around an ill-structured or complex problem, which they are required to solve.

Students apply their subject knowledge, critical thinking, and problem solving skills in a safe, real-world context.

SBL is often non-linear, and can provide numerous feedback opportunities to students, based on the decisions they make at each stage in the process.

Game design is the art of applying design and aesthetics to create a game to facilitate interaction between players for playful, healthful, educational, or simulation purposes. Game design can be applied both to games and to other interactions, particularly virtual ones.

Elements of game design

  • Abstraction (concept/ reality)
  • Goals
  • Rules
  • Conflicts/ competition/ cooperation
  • Time
  • Reward structure
  • Storytelling
  • Curve of interest
  • Action of game
  • Method – steps, runs etc

Learning through play is a term used in education and psychology to describe how a student can learn to make sense of the world around them. Through play, students can develop social and cognitive skills, mature emotionally, and gain the self-confidence required to engage in new experiences and environments.

Key ways that young students learn include playing, being with other people, being active, exploring new experiences, talking to themselves, communication with others, meeting physical and mental challenges, being shown how to do new things, practicing and repeating skills and having fun.